Why recently in news??

  1. The wing commander Abhinandan incident.
  2. A mig-21 jet of IAF crashed in Shoba Sar Ki Dhani area in Rajasthan’s Bikaner district.
Iaf Mig Crash

Mig-21 (Mikoyan-Gurevich) and the Indian Air Force

  • India received its first mig-21s in 1963 bought from Soviet Union.
  • In 1964, the mig-21 became the first supersonic fighter jet to be inducted in the IAF.
  • One year later, the 1965 Indo-Pak war happened. But mig-21 did not play much role because of lack of pilot training.

1971 Indo-Pak war

  • In 1971 war the Mig-21 played a crucial role and claimed around 8 aircrafts of the Pakistan Air Force.
  • The main battle between IAF’s Mig-21 and PAF’s F-104 starfighter was clearly won by Mig-21.
Mig 21 in 1971.


  • After its exceptional performance in the 1971 war, several countries including Iraq approached India for Mig-21 pilot training.
  • IAF trained more than 120 Iraqi pilots for the Mig-21.

1999 Kargil War

  • The IAF did not primarily used Mig-21s in the war because they had become too old by that time.

An interesting case: 1999 Pak Navy Interception

  • On Aug10, 1999 a Pak Navy aircraft was intercepted by two mig-21s over the Rann of Kutch & shot down.
  • This incident happened a few weeks after the Kargil war. This attack killed all 15 pak navy personnels present in the aircraft.


  • They were to retire by 1990s but were upgraded to Bison standard.
  • India in the 1990s was not that much economically strong and hence could not buy new aircrafts for the IAF.
  • Approximately 60 countries have flown the Mig-21.
  • India is the last country in the world with a serious air force still using mig-21s.

The Flying Coffin

  • India bought around 872 Mig-21 aircraft and out of which 482 aircrafts crashed in which half of them crashed during landing between 1971 and April 2012 as quoted by former Indian defence minister A.k. Antony.
  • In these accidents around 171 pilots, 39 civilians and 8 other persons from other services died.
  • Till now around 190+ pilots have died.
The flying Coffin

Why the IAF still using it??

  • The total strength of the Indian Air Force is 42 squadrons and each squadron consists of 16-18 aircrafts.
  • Presently the IAF has only 31 squadrons i.e. a shortage of 11 squadrons or 176-198 jets.
  • That’s why mig-21 is still used. It is scheduled to be retired in 2021-22.

Major political flaw!!!

  • Since 2005, India was not that much economically weaker but it was a major flaw of the govt. that it was not their top priority to buy latest fighter jets.
  • In coming elections while casting votes the voters should focus on the agenda of political parties and which political party is willing to buy new fighter jets quickly and corruption free.

Kindly share it because many people don’t know the foreign policy and defence deals and they don’t focus on the agendas of the political parties.

You can give your point of view in the comment section below. No email required.

My previous blog link: https://fiverrforce.com/?p=373

Will be back soon..

Jai Hind…..